City Walls — Built in 1512 in order to defend the city from the French, following the annexation of the city by the kingdom of Castilla and Aragon. Three quarters of the wall still remain, the part that is missing was pulled down in 1905 to allow the city to expand southwards. The city wall became a national monument in 1937. Today, it is well preserved and surrounded by gardens which you can stroll around. Within the walls you can visit: La Ciudadela (the fortress), el Portal de Francia (the French entrance), el baluarte Redín, San Bartolomé Fort, the bull ring, the San Nicolás entrance (Portal de San Nicolás), the Taconera gardens, the Antoniutti gardens and the new entrance (Portal Nuevo).
Look for el Portal de Francia (known as ‘The French Entrance’ in English), the Ciudadela, (the Old Fortress) and the Taconera Gardens, just to name a few of the lovely city wall sights. The Ciudadela is akin to a small museum with some interesting exhibits about Pamplona through the ages, as well as information on how the walls were used for centuries to defend the city.